Posted by: twotrees | October 24, 2016

The benefits of salmon you didn’t know…

Master gardeners know that fish emulsion is one of the best fertilizers to stimulate plant growth and health.   An editorial in today’s Los Angeles times explains how salmon swimming upstream’s adds to the overall biological health of the echo system of our mountains streams and even our oceans here in California.    It makes perfect sense and is one of those truths that has been hiding in plain sight since time began.

The recent droughts and the years of man made water diversion making it more difficult for Salmon to get upstream where they are either eating or die of natural causes.   In either case their nutrient filled remains  decompose in return back into the earth and our waterways to flow downstream to feed flora far and wide.

This cycle has been intact for thousands of years but is being threatened which in turn could diminish the bounty that the Golden State is known for.

Read about it here:

Posted by: twotrees | September 18, 2016

Reefer Madness

Here’s something new:  The Los Angeles Times is urging voters to approve  Proposition 64, which would legalize pot in California.   In their editorial today, the Times explains why and how they changed their position from six years ago to now agree with the current proposed legislation.

Eighty years ago the film Reefer Madness was released, extolling the horors of the bitter weed.  Filled with debaushery, gun play and murder, the movie affected public opinion for decades.  Then America’s longest war, the war on drugs, came into vogue  in 1971 and America has spent trillions of dollars fighting a war that can’t be won solely by trying to restrict supply.

Today, with roughly 15% of American adults consuming cannibas in some form, It appears that the Times sees the tipping point on the subject has come.  Will voters?


Posted by: twotrees | March 22, 2016

Our own worst enemy

]imageMy wife is reading a book on the subject of health entitled ‘How not to die” by Michael Gregor M.D.  Being someone who prefers life over death myself, I have been pursuing it as time permits. Chapter one speaks to the point that  most physicians are not trained in the science of nutrition. To quote from the text,  “It’s bad enough that most medical schools don’t even require a single course on nutrition, but it’s even worse when mainstream media medical organizations actively lobby against increased nutrition education for physicians.”

It goes on to discuss how certain corporate relationships with companies like Coca-Cola, Pepsi, McDonald’s and the American Egg Board  make and some donations to organizations in return for providing information and advisory edits to fact sheets before they become public.

It’s pretty clear that the American diet is a major contributor to illness in our country, yet there are those who wish physicians, those  in a strong position to advocate change,  remain ignorant on the subject.    To get a sense of what we’re talking about here’s an example of some testimony on a Senate Bill the came up a few years ago.   It runs about 36 minutes, but I think if you watch the first five minutes then roll back to minute 30 or 32 you’ll get a sense of what I’m talking about.

I want to think that commonsense will come back in style soon, but I don’t know when…


Posted by: twotrees | March 3, 2016

Ahwahnee Forever

image image

Yesterday, March 1, marked the changing of the name of Yosemite’s historic Ahwahnee  Hotel to the Majestic  Yosemite Hotel.   The move was done by the National Park Service to avoid a lawsuit with Delaware North, a former concessionaire at the park who claims rights to the name as well as the word Yosemite and other lesser names.   The hotel, which opened in 1927 is a masterpiece of big timber and stone architecture.   You know there’s  something wrong when corporate America threatens to destroy the heritage of such storied landmarks.    The national park and hotel  names, while not original Miwok, keeps  alive the now extinct spoken word of this Sierra based tribe of native Americans.   Their loss is a loss for everyone and we can only hope that the courts agree and allow the poetic original names to be used again in the future.   Until then…

Posted by: twotrees | February 25, 2016

FBI v Apple

Over the past week there has been much discussion about the dispute between the FBI and Apple regarding the iPhone used by one of the San Bernardino terrorists. A friend of mine is a G man. He forwarded me this letter written by FBI Director Jim Comey on the subject:

“The San Bernardino litigation isn’t about trying to set a precedent or send any kind of message. It is about the victims and justice. Fourteen people were slaughtered and many more had their lives and bodies ruined. We owe them a thorough and professional investigation under law. That’s what this is. The American people should expect nothing less from the FBI.

“The particular legal issue is actually quite narrow. The relief we seek is limited and its value increasingly obsolete because the technology continues to evolve. We simply want the chance, with a search warrant, to try to guess the terrorist’s passcode without the phone essentially self-destructing and without it taking a decade to guess correctly. That’s it. We don’t want to break anyone’s encryption or set a master key loose on the land. I hope thoughtful people will take the time to understand that. Maybe the phone holds the clue to finding more terrorists. Maybe it doesn’t. But we can’t look the survivors in the eye, or ourselves in the mirror, if we don’t follow this lead.

“Reflecting the context of this heart-breaking case, I hope folks will take a deep breath and stop saying the world is ending, but instead use that breath to talk to each other. Although this case is about the innocents attacked in San Bernardino, it does highlight that we have awesome new technology that creates a serious tension between two values we all treasure – privacy and safety. That tension should not be resolved by corporations that sell stuff for a living. It also should not be resolved by the FBI, which investigates for a living. It should be resolved by the American people deciding how we want to govern ourselves in a world we have never seen before. We shouldn’t drift to a place – or be pushed to a place by the loudest voices – because finding the right place, the right balance, will matter to every American for a very long time.

“So I hope folks will remember what terrorists did to innocent Americans at a San Bernardino office gathering and why the FBI simply must do all we can under the law to investigate that. And in that sober spirit, I also hope all Americans will participate in the long conversation we must have about how to both embrace the technology we love and get the safety we need.”

My friend adds is this for consideration:

“With respect to privacy, when a federal law enforcement agency is conducting an investigation its agents can issue a federal grand jury subpoena to obtain virtually any kind of record (bank, telephone, etc.). If the investigating agents can establish probable cause to a judge, they can obtain a warrant to search your office, your house, your safety deposit box, your computer – anything.”

The question here is why it is the request to open a phone any different?

Posted by: twotrees | April 22, 2015

We’re different but we’re the same

Every now and again I wonder why the world is so messy, at least from a human interaction perspective.
In large part it’s because people are not use to certain things, not exposed to other people, religions, customs, etc…

Today at lunch I mentioned to a friend that wonderful scene from Elmer Gantry where Burt Lancaster walks into a gospel church while the flock is singing On My Way to Canaan’s Land. Many in the pews pause, stop singing and look at the interloper.  He’s white, they’re black and may feel that he doesn’t fit in. That’s a normal response – we all fear the unknown, in this case, he’s unknown to them.

But once he starts to sing, everything changes and without a hitch, all get back into the groove and he is accepted.  It’s a great analog for what the world could be – all different but ultimately, all more the same that we know.

Posted by: twotrees | January 13, 2015

When 1/2% is bigger than 10%

National Public Radio percentagethis morning discussed a recent study  by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau that shows that 75% of new home buyers only fill out one loan application when buying a home.  In other words, they don’t shop around.  That’s odd because most people will make a buying decision or change a habit for as little as $5 but when it comes to savings hundreds or thousands of dollars over time, they are less motivated.

This has something to do with the Weber-Fechner Law of Psychophysics says that the ‘just-noticable difference between two stimuli is proportional to the magnitude of the stimuli.’  In other words saving 10% on a pair of shoes might stimulate people whereby saving a half percent on your home or car loan may not.

Over time, most people would agree that a half point on a $200,000 loan amounts to thousands of dollars saved.  But because it’s over a long period of time, it’s less perceptible.

This is a great opportunity for lenders to educate consumers that small things can really add up.

This theory is not limited to buying things – it also applies to saving money – the difference between a 5% and 8%  rate of return on your investments could mean the difference of when and if you can afford to retire.  Financial literacy is generally not taught in our schools, which is why so many Americans run into money problems sometime during their adult lives.  If we were to change that, our whole society would benefit.  It’s that the best idea?


Posted by: twotrees | October 29, 2014

Epoch, man

Many students have learned about geologic history and the terms used to describe certain timelines;  epoch, which is a subdivision of a period, which is a division of an era, etc…  In most instances, eras are very, very long periods of time:

Era[2] Beginning (millions of years BP) End (millions of years BP)
Cenozoic 65 0
Mesozoic 250 65
Paleozoic 542 250

When we think of these references, we usually think of the age of dinosaurs, the dawn of man, and so forth.  Now comes something new:  The potential for a new epoch to be classified:  the age of Anthropocene – the age of man.

The current epoch, known as Hologene, started about 12,000 years ago at the end of the last ice age.  Since that time, human influence on the planet has been slowly increasing, with the last 300 years making the greatest impact.  With the Industrial Revolution, man brought factories belching out pollution.  with the growth of our population to 7 billion + man’s influence on  the plant is taking on greater significance.  No one can deny that animals, people and the planet are all being affected.

In her recent book The Sixth Extinction, Elizabeth Kolbert speaks to the facts about mass extinctions through  earth’s history.  Among them are the asteroid impact near Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula that destroyed the dinosaurs.  She also mentions that after much study and discussion, the idea of a new epoch has merit.  Humanity has changed the planet in these significant ways:

– Humans have changed between a third and half of the land surface of the planet.

– Most of the planet’s major rivers have been damned.

– Fertilizer manufacturers produce more nitrogen than is fixed naturally by Earth’s ecosystems.

– Fisheries remove more than a third of the primary production fo the oceans’ coastal waters.

– Humans use more than 50% of the world’s readily accessible fresh water runoff.

We are changing the planet in such a way that many thousands of years from now, a geologic chapter will be evident in the sediments and stone that is produced from our current age.  For that reason and more, the International Commission on Stratigraphy, the group responsible for maintaining the official timetable of earth’s history, will be considering this topic at t  heir 2016 meeting.  At no other time in the past billion years has an Epoche occured as quickly as this new one has…

“There is more to life than simply increasing its speed.”  Mahatma Gandhi



Posted by: twotrees | June 6, 2014

The Longest Day, again

Today, June 6, is infamous as D-Day, representing the 70th anniversary of the invasion of German occupied France – landing on the beach in Normandy. War is hell in all forms but few battles compare to the one where American soldiers crossed the English Channel, landed on a heavily fortified beach and fought against well prepared German soldiers entrenched in the hills above.

Nothing captures this scene quite like the opening of Steven Spielberg’s film Saving Private Ryan. These men, who suffered heavy casualties both physical and emotional, deserve our thanks. If not for them, and the millions of others who have fought for this country deserve our thanks. Today is another example of Memorial Day.

Posted by: twotrees | January 31, 2014

Tip my hat to Pete

Pete Seeger

Although I didn’t know much about Pete Seeger most of my life, I became a big fan over the past ten years as my knowledge of American folk music grew. Seeger, died at age 94 Sunday night at his home in Fishkill, New York. The NY Times had a nice obit which gives much history about Pete and where he came from.

Pete was a man who knew his place in America and did everything he could to help his fellow-man and the environment.  His buddy Woodie Guthrie and him toured the country singing songs and encouraging common folk to organize and fight for their rights against unfair employers.  Back in the day, people weren’t much more than chattel and were mistreated and worked nearly to death.  Both Woodie and Pete sacrificed much to help such people believe in themselves and that was a better future ahead.  Seeger was one f the most optimistic people I’ve ever seen – even though he had sadness in his life, like us all.  But he thought he could help make the world a better place and by golly, he was right.

If you want a sample of what Pete Seeger was like, watch this  video of his Rainbow Quest television show featuring June and Johnny Cash.  All have cast away their showbiz shoes and settled down to a living room session that is true Americana.  Thank you Pete for being a good man, musician, music historian, role model and one hell of an American.

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